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    Date submitted
  • 29-Sep-2017

Community-Led Total Sanitation

Abstract

Apostle Padi Ologo Traditional Birth Centre, a registered Non-Governmental Organisation in Ghana and Ecoloo Group, a leading Swedish organization with social business partnerships around the world have agreed to successfully collaborate to transform Ghana in particular and Africa in general into an open defecation free country through a sustainable solution branded as Ecoloo.

Limited access to clean water and poor sanitation are critical drivers for the spread of Diarrhoeal diseases, constituting a critical challenge during periods of crisis. Such diseases account for more than 40% of deaths in the acute emergency phase, and for 80% of deaths in children under two. Suhum Municipal Health Administration in the Eastern Regional part of Ghana recorded 5,143; 12,346 and 123 typhoid fever, diarrhoea and cholera cases respectively in 2014. If within a year 12,346 people suffered diarrhoeal which we believe is as a result of poor sanitation, then it is unfortunate. We believe these diseases are preventable if the needed measures are put in place. Girls and women are particularly affected by lack of well-designed latrines and lack of safe water. Ghana 2010 census identifed 11,708 households in the rural areas in Suhum municipality in the Eastern Regional part of Ghana. 64.4% use pit latrine. Apart from this latrines being poorly designed, 7.7 % of these households practice open defecation. This is something to worry about because open defecation gives room for environmental polution including water polution, spreads infection and cause diseases which affect maternal and infant health thereby making women and children more vulnerable.

We believe that through Community-Led Total Sanitation and Hygiene (CLTSH) with specific reference to a sustainable solution branded as Ecolooo will provide the following outcome: 1. Open defecation eradicated and 2. Disease prevalence rate reduced. 3. Mortality rate reduced. 4. Sanitation marketing opportunities opened up as income generation activity for some low-income households. Most important of all, improvements in sanitation and hygiene will ultimately enhance community productivity.

The CLTSH is urgently needed because the poorly designed latrine and open defecation that exist in the communities affect their health negatively. So with this innovation, the health of children and mothers will improve.

Additional Questions

Who is your customer?

Farmers and families in Ghana

What problem does this idea/product solve or what market need does it serve?

Limited access to clean water and poor sanitation are critical drivers for the spread of Diarrhoeal diseases, constituting a critical challenge during periods of crisis. Such diseases account for more than 40% of deaths in the acute emergency phase, and for 80% of deaths in children under two. Suhum Municipal Health Administration in the Eastern Regional part of Ghana recorded 5,143; 12,346 and 123 typhoid fever, diarrhoea and cholera cases respectively in 2014. If within a year 12,346 people suffered diarrhoeal which we believe is as a result of poor sanitation, then it is unfortunate. We believe these diseases are preventable if the needed measures are put in place. Girls and women are particularly affected by lack of well-designed latrines and lack of safe water. Ghana 2010 census identifed 11,708 households in the rural areas in Suhum municipality in the Eastern Regional part of Ghana. 64.4% use pit latrine. Apart from this latrines being poorly designed, 7.7 % of these households practice open defecation. This is something to worry about because open defecation gives room for environmental polution including water polution, spreads infection and cause diseases which affect maternal and infant health thereby making women and children more vulnerable.

What attributes will make this idea/product successful? Why do you believe that those features will create success?

It is clear that through Community-Led Total Sanitation and Hygiene (CLTSH) with specific reference to a sustainable solution branded as Ecolooo will provide the following outcome: 1. Open defecation eradicated and 2. Disease prevalence rate reduced. 3. Mortality rate reduced. 4. Sanitation marketing opportunities opened up as income generation activity for some low-income households. Most important of all, improvements in sanitation and hygiene will ultimately enhance community productivity. The CLTSH is urgently needed because the poorly designed latrine and open defecation that exist in the communities affect their health negatively. So with this innovation, the health of children and mothers will improve.

Explain how you (your team) will execute to make this idea/product successful? What gives you (your team) an advantage over others already in the market or new to this market?

The team will train teachers in the community School(s), Unit Committee members, community chiefs, Assembly Members, Natural Leaders, Volunteer, Village Health Promoters(VHPs) in CLTS facilitation skills and involving them in School triggering, community triggering and post triggering activities. This activities has the potential to provide the following outcome: 1. Open defecation eradicated 2. 80% Disease prevalence rate reduced. Also, the project will open up sanitation marketing opportunity as an income generation activity for low-income households. Most important of all, sanitation and hygiene will ultimately enhance community productivity. We prefer CLTS approach because it inspire and empowers rural communities to stop open defecation, build and use improved sanitation facilities. It employs participatory methodologies to develop awareness of the risk of open defecation and facilitate community self- analysis of their health and sanitation status.